During various periods of history parchment has been…


Preservation of handwritten parchment documents …


The digitization process for parchment records...


The map includes the parchment documents’…

First Category

First Category: undamaged (slightly damaged) – physically intact, without, or with some individual small-scale damage; no glassy areas or mold; text totally preserved. The document can be handled easily and is the entire surface is uniformly flexible.

Second Category

Second Category: damaged – physical integrity ruined. Tears, holes, stains, glassy areas cover less than 1/3 of the surface. Partial loss of text and flexibility. Handling may be difficult.

Third Category

Third Category: severely damaged – physical damages, stains, mold, glassy areas cover more than 1/3 of the surface. The document cannot be handled.